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What Makes Me Understand What I Know?

Date: 2013

Materials: Neon and LED lights and photographs

Dimensions: Variable

Credit: Courtesy of DSL Collection

Part of an emerging generation of artists born after China’s Cultural Revolution and in the midst of an enormous industrial expansion, He An started incorporating neon light-box characters—stolen from the ubiquitous signage of fast-growing cities like Shenzhen and Wuhan—into his artwork in 2000. In his ongoing project, What Makes Me Understand What I Know?, begun in 2009, two names are repeated over and over, spelled out in different configurations by combining fragments of disparate signs. One name, that of the artist’s father, He Taoyuan, consists of three characters; the other, Miho Yoshioka, the name of a favorite Japanese adult-video actress, is four characters long. What Makes Me Understand What I Know? abruptly combines references to the artist’s familial relationship with his father and his anonymous yet intimate relationship with the actress; the alienating urban spaces under hyperdevelopment in China; and memories of home from the artist’s new, adopted city of Beijing. The lighted signs evoke both the bustling thoroughfares and abandoned alleyways of contemporary megalopolises. Assembled through a rebellious act of self-declaration, the works manifest the artist’s will to mark existence and agency in this destabilizing and quickly shifting urban environment. Another set of signs from the series is on view in the hallway adjacent to the CMA Theater.  

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Co-curator Dan Byers on the nuances and differences between He An's artwork in the 2013 Carnegie International

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